User:Saul/nginx

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LEMP Stack

Install

Nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx

PHP

sudo apt-get install php7.0 php7.0-fpm

MySQL

sudo apt-get install mysql-server php7.0-mysql

Configure

Nginx

To use php change:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
	# Add index.php to the list if you are using PHP
	index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html index.php;

	# pass PHP scripts to FastCGI server
        #
        location ~ \.php$ {
                include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;

                # With php-fpm (or other unix sockets):
                fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
        #       # With php-cgi (or other tcp sockets):
        #       fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        }
sudo nginx -s reload

MySQL

Configure MySQL

sudo mysql_secure_installation # set a unique password, remove anonymous user accounts, disable remote root login, and remove the test database

Wordpress

MySQL

Create the database for wordpress:

mysql -u root -p # OR:
sudo mysql --user=root --password="ROOTPASSWORD" # Enter the MYSQL database
	create database example; # create the database example.com (can be anything) for wordpress
	create user 'USER' identified by 'PASSWORD'; # create a user by the name of USER with the password PASSWORD
	grant all on example.com.* to 'USER' identified by 'PASSWORD'; # grant a user by the name of USER the permissions to modify the database with the password PASSWORD
	quit; # exit mysql

Nginx

Single Site

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

upstream php {
        server unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
        server 127.0.0.1:9000;
}

server {
        ## Your website name goes here.
        server_name example.com;
        ## Your only path reference.
        root /var/www/public_html;
        ## This should be in your http block and if it is, it's not needed here.
        index index.php;

        location = /favicon.ico {
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }

        location = /robots.txt {
                allow all;
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }

        location / {
                # This is cool because no php is touched for static content.
                # include the "?$args" part so non-default permalinks doesn't break when using query string
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;
        }

        location ~ \.php$ {
                #NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini
                include fastcgi.conf;
                fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
                fastcgi_pass php;
        }

        location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|ico)$ {
                expires max;
                log_not_found off;
        }
}

Multi Site

upstream php {
        server unix:/run/php/php7.0-fpm.sock;
        server 127.0.0.1:9000;
}

map $uri $blogname{
    ~^(?P<blogpath>/[^/]+/)files/(.*)       $blogpath ;
}

map $blogname $blogid{
    default -999;

    #Ref: http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/nginx-helper/
    #include /var/www/wordpress/wp-content/plugins/nginx-helper/map.conf ;
}

server {
        ## Your website name goes here.
        server_name syncedapps.com;
        ## Your only path reference.
        root /var/www/public_html;
        ## This should be in your http block and if it is, it's not needed here.
        index index.php;

        if (!-e $request_filename) {
                rewrite /wp-admin$ $scheme://$host$uri/ permanent;
                rewrite ^(/[^/]+)?(/wp-.*) $2 last;
                rewrite ^(/[^/]+)?(/.*\.php) $2 last;
        }

        location = /favicon.ico {
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }

        location = /robots.txt {
                allow all;
                log_not_found off;
                access_log off;
        }

        location / {
                # This is cool because no php is touched for static content.
                # include the "?$args" part so non-default permalinks doesn't break when using query string
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;
        }

        location ~ \.php$ {
                #NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini
                include fastcgi.conf;
                fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
                fastcgi_pass php;
        }

        location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|ico)$ {
                expires max;
                log_not_found off;
        }
}

Wordpress Install

cd /var/www
sudo rm -R html
sudo mkdir public_html logs backups
cd public_html
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/ # ensure that the files are owned by the webserver
sudo wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz # download the latest wordpress
sudo -u www-data tar -xvf latest.tar.gz # extract it
sudo mv latest.tar.gz ../backups/wordpress-`date "+%Y-%m-%d"`.tar.gz # archive the compressed folder OR just delete it
sudo mv wordpress/* ./ # move the files out of the wordpress folder so the site will use them
sudo rm -R wordpress # delete the old wordpress folder

Domain Mapping

Us the WordPress MU Domain Mapping plugin.

See also